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【英国升学】英国中学教育

英国海外升学DSE

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英国是一个相对传统、保守的国家,不少规定有其历史渊源,其中包括对海外未成年学生监护人制度、公私立学校收生规定等、公开考试等,港生报读要注意。

中学教育

英国公立学校(State Schools)学费全免,课程选择较为丰富,但只有居英权或葡籍护照人士方可报读,一般不收十六岁以下的海外学生。

私立中学 (Private Schools) 2500多所,经费来自学费和捐款,为13岁或以上的本地及海外学生,提供个性化教育和升学服务,其中800多间有寄宿设施。

学校一年分三个学期,每年九月开学。圣诞节、复活节及特长的暑假(接近三个月)是主要假期。英国政府规定,在学的中学生必须有监护人作支援,没有亲戚担任的,由院校代为安排。

监护人

不管学生有否海外生活经验或个性是否独立,在英国寄宿学校的海外中学生必须有一个25岁以上的监护人,这个监护人不可以是在英国就读大学并住在学校宿舍的亲属。监护人的责任:

  • 担当学生、家长和学校间的联系人
  • 提供日常生活、学业上的支援和监控
  • 监管学生的学业进度和社交发展
  • 在短假期或学生离校期间跟学校和家长保持联系
  • 为学生在短假期(包括周末)期间安排合适的住宿
  • 负责所有出游安排并适当地通知学校
  • 妥善安排医疗服务和保险
  • 代表家长处理任何紧急情况和意外

 

英国会考课程 General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) Exams

两年制的高考课程(高中第12班和第13班)相当于香港旧高中学制的中六和中七课程。首年通常被称为AS-Level,次年则被称为A2-Level。学生第一年可以选修4-5科参加AS-Level考试,第二年因应成绩选择修读AS成绩最优秀的3或4科,参加 A-Level考试,并以两年成绩的总和报读大学。

有部分私立英国中学会为海外学生开设衔接英国A-Level课程的Pre A-Level高考预备课程,适合初中毕业生或中四学生申请。

另外,部份私立院校设有一年制高考课程(Fast Track A-Level),修读三个学期,学生需要同时修读AS-Level 和 A2-Level 程度的学科,难度颇高,所以适合英语能力较强及成绩较理想的海外学生。香港的中六毕业生可考虑选择此类课程。

国际文凭预科课程 The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IB)

IB文凭是国际通用的高中学历,同样是两年制,是英国高考课程 (A-Level) 以外的另一选择,IB毕业生可以报读世界各地大学。收生要求一般为完成香港中五或英国第10班,并持有IELTS达5.5或以上的学生。课程内容比高考课程更广泛和严谨,学生需具有出色的阅读、理解和写作能力。

【文:三民治】