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要教育群众多了解非物质文化遗产

要教育群众多了解非物质文化遗产

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本月已是农历十二月,在中国传统宗教文化而言,不少信众会往寺庙酬神,其中不少蕴藏非物质文化遗产意义。

所谓非物质文化遗产,依第二十五次大会上提出《关于保护传统文化与民俗的建议案》,其中明确指出「民俗(Folk)」是构成人类文化遗产的一部份,是将不同人群和社会团体凝聚一起,并标明其文化身份的有力手段,再依2003年联合国教育、科学及文化组织通过《保护非物质文化遗产公约》,2006年正式生效,依教科文组织定义:文化遗产是过去人类所创造,由现代人类继承并传之后世,具独特和普世价值的非物质遗产,是无可取代的生活及灵感来源,能为社区和群体提供凝聚力、认同感和持续感。

还有,非物质文化遗产也是具有传承习俗在当代社会的意义,现代人士对传统习俗及文化的不同观点,怎样可以运用当代教育及电子科技,把传统文化及习俗保存及流传后世,乃至表述「传统价值和世界文化多样性」,怎样透过发展文化产业的形式,以推广传统文化及其背后的文化价值,当然也希望群众了解传统文化与商品化发展的关系。

就此而言,在寺庙内,感谢酬神的活动,已是一个深藏非物质文化要地。各位善信可以研究寺庙内的碑文,此记录了寺庙落成时的年月日,哪些人士捐助,执庙为何要建成及座落地方的原因,捐助人的人际网络;又可以注意祭祀用品,如宝牒、百解等,这些祭祀用品的文化;又何以注意求签文化,为甚么是一百枝签,签文背后的历史文化故事,为甚么分为上中下的三等级,其实此又与中国传统文化内重视社会和谐文化甚有关系,又是一种家人伦理文化和中国人的温柔敦厚的德行,也有很大的关系,这些中国传统文化的特色,在今天的香港社会尤为重要。

【文:区志坚教授】
香港树仁大学历史学系助理教授

转载:《知识》杂志
连结:https://www.upknowledge.com.hk/#/infoDetail?id=2608
文章日期:2020年1月7日
下载日期:2020年1月8日